(Community Help Institute)
Perumahan Griya Dramaga Asri Blok H2 No. 19
Cibanteng, Ciampea, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
LSM was formed in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia, in
April 8, 2016 by 17 women’s leaders comprising the activists of female
human rights, leaders of indigenous peoples and indigenous women, social
observers, academicians, and other leaders of women’s groups who shared
their concern about extreme and chronic poverty which mostly hits women
in all parts of this country.
Although from year to year the government has successfully decreased the
poverty but it is merely a statistical matter. In reality the number of
women, compared to men, suffering from extreme and chronic poverty – and
consequent incidences of hunger – is increasing and terrifying.
So far the academicians and policymakers recognize three types of
poverty facing humanity, namely:
• Natural poverty that occurs due primarily to nature
degradations – usually triggered by anthropogenic factors – so the
associated natural ecosystems increasingly fail to function as the life
support systems for local communities.
• Cultural poverty that occurs due primarily to the belief or
vision embraced by local communities – mostly indigenous peoples – that
pursuing economic benefits is not a priority or it is even stigmatized
as a bad deed.
• Structural poverty that occurs due primarily to the weakness of
public policy pertaining to poverty or lack of governmental concern
about the poor.
Among these three categories of poverty, the severest and most
challenging one is the structural poverty, followed by the cultural and
In Indonesia, just like in almost all the poor and developing countries
around the world, so called feminization of poverty has been in place
since many decades. That is an inevitable situation in which women are
the easiest and severest group hit by all the three types of poverty at
In poor households, especially those led by women, each woman is fully
responsible in making both ends meet to ensure that the inadequate
income has to be adequate to satisfy the basic needs of all her family
members. At the same time, the needs are increasingly difficult to
fulfill primarily because of the governmental failure in controlling the
rocketing prices as well as in providing proper jobs for women.
In performing her heavy reproductive tasks, besides being unpaid, each
woman also has to sacrifice her personal needs for the sake of her
family members especially her children.
Even worse, the poverty – and associated hunger – is apparently a
locomotive which is inseparable from the coaches of other human
sufferings that mostly hit women’s groups such as human trafficking
including domestic slavery, violence by family members, rape,
oppression, and other forms of violence against women with escalating
Principally, all those violent types constitutes real abuses against
women’s human rights by the policymakers who ought to ensure that each
woman is able to fully enjoy her rights.
Stopping the locomotive, therefore, represents as the most strategic
step in order to respect, fulfill, and protect women’s human rights
especially their economic rights.